ICJ Case – Advisory Opinion on Israel’s Policies and Practices

On 30 Dec 2022, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/77/247, which contained a request to the ICJ to render an Advisory Opinion on the policies and practices of Israel in Judea and Samaria. There were 87 votes in favor, 26 against, and 53 abstentions. The resolution followed the recommendation of paragraph 14 of the 14 Nov 2022 Report of the Fourth Committee A77/400.

ICJ Web Page on the Case
The ICJ – Background, Basic Texts, Resources

19 Jan 2023 – UNGA Request for Advisory Opinion forwarded to the ICJ

               English    French

3 Feb 2023 – Order setting the schedule for submission of written statements and written comments on those statements

              English    French

31 May 2023 – Documents received from the Secretariat of the United Nations

  • Introductory Note    English   French
  • List of Documents    English   French
  • Part I – Material relating to the Request by the General Assembly
        English    French
  • Part II(A) – Material of the United Nations Relating to the Questions before the Court
    • Part II (A) 1 – Israeli Settlements
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 2 – Living Conditions of the Palestinian People
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 3 – Palestinian Children and Women
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 4 – Permanent Sovereignty over Natural and National Resources
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 5 – Right to Self-Determination
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 6 – Question of Palestine
          English     French
    • Part II (A) 7 – Situation in the Middle East
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 8 – Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People
          English    French
    • Part II (A) 9 – United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine in the Near East (UNRWA)
          English    French
  • Part II(B) – General Assembly Emergency Special Sessions
        English    French
  • Part II(C) – Security Council
        English     French

22 Jun 2023 – Documents received from the Secretariat of the United Nations

  • Introductory Note Part 2    English    French
  • List of Documents Part 2    English    French
  • Part II (D): Human Rights Documentation
    • Part II (D) 1 – General Assembly
          English   French
    • Part II (D) 2 – Human Rights Council
          English   French
    • Part II (D) 3 – Commission on Human Rights
          English   French
    • Part II (D) 4 – Human rights treaty bodies
          English    French
    • Part II (D) 5 – Universal periodic review
          English    French

Written submissions from 57 Countries, Organizations, and the Palestinian Authority, and from 2 NGOs

Organizations and Countries
Submissions in English and French
African UnionWritten Statement of the African Union
League of Arab StatesWritten Submission of the League of Arab States
Organization of Islamic CooperationWritten Statement of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
AlgeriaWritten Statement of the Government of the People's Republic of Algeria
BangladeshWritten Statement of the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Bangladesh
BelizeWritten Statement of Belize
BoliviaWritten Statement of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
BrazilWritten Statement of the Federative Republic of Brazil
CanadaWritten Statement of the Government of Canada
ChileWritten Statement of the Republic of Chile
ChinaWritten Statement of the People's Republic of China
ColombiaWritten Statement of the Republic of Colombia
CubaDeclaration of the Republic of Cuba
CzechiaWritten statement of the Government of the Czech Republic
DjiboutiWritten Statement of the Republic of Djibouti
EgyptWritten Statement of the Arab Republic of Egypt
FijiMemorial of Fiji
FranceWritten Statement of the French Republic
GambiaWritten Statement of the Republic of the Gambia
GuatemalaWritten Statement - Republic of Guatemala
GuyanaWritten Statement by the Cooperative Republic of Guyana
HungaryWritten Statement of Hungary
IndonesiaWritten Statement of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia
IrelandStatement of Ireland
IsraelStatement of the State of Israel
ItalyWritten Statement of Italy
JapanJapan 186-20230725-wri-01-00-en
JordanWritten Statement of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
KuwaitStatement issued by the State of Kuwait
LebanonWritten Statement of Lebanon
LiechtensteinWritten Comments of the Principality of Liechtenstein
LuxembourgWritten Statement of the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
MalaysiaWritten Statement of Malaysia
MaldivesWritten Statement of the Republic of Maldives
MauritiusWritten Statement of the Republic of Mauritius
MoroccoWritten Statement of the Kingdom of Morocco
NamibiaWritten Statement Submitted by the Republic of Namibia
NauruWritten Statement of the Government of the Republic of Nauru
NorwayWritten Statement on Behalf of the Government of Norway
OmanWritten Statement Submitted by the Sultanate of Oman
PakistanWritten Statement of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Palestinian AuthorityWritten Statement of the State of Palestine (sic)
QatarWritten Statement of the State of Qatar
RussiaWritten Statement by the Russian Federation
Saudi ArabiaWritten Statement of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
SenegalWritten Statement of the Government of Senegal
South AfricaWritten Statement Submitted by the Government of the Republic of South Africa
SpainWritten Statement of Spain
SwitzerlandWritten Statement of the Swiss Conferderation
SyriaThe Advisory Opinion of the Syrian Arab Republic
TogoWritten Statement of the Government of the Republic of Togo
TurkeyvWritten Statement Submitted by the Republic of Türkiye
United Arab EmiratesWritten Statement of the United Arab Emirates
United KingdomWritten Statement - The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of AmericaWritten Statement of the United States of America
YemenWritten Statement of the Republic of Yemen
ZambiaWritten Statement by the Republic of Zambia
NGOsSubmissions in English
European Leadership Network and the UK Lawyers for IsraelWritten Statement of the European Leadership Network and the UK Lawyers for Israel
International Association of Jewish Lawyers and JuristsWritten Statement of the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists

7 Aug 2023 – ICJ Press Release

The Court reported that 57 written statements from states and organizations had been filed with the ICJ regarding the pending case. The press release noted that under Article 106 of the Rules of Court, the Court may decide to make the written statements accessible to the public on or after the opening of the oral proceedings in the case. 

14 Nov 2023 – ICJ Press Release

The Court reported that 15 written comments on the written statements made by other States or organizations were submitted from states and organizations that had previously submitted written statements.  The Court also announced that public hearings were scheduled to open on Monday, 19 Feb 2024.

Supplemental Written Comments from 15 Countries, Organizations, and the Palestinian Authority

19-26 Feb 2024 – Public Hearings


Commentary and Analysis