Timeline – Operation Swords of Iron

Reports on the Military Course of the War and More –>

Official Actions and Significant Occurrences - With Documentation

2024
ICC Prosecutor Seeks Arrest Warrants

The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court announced that he was requesting the issuance of arrest warrants from the Court for Hamas leaders, Yahya Sinwa, Muhammad Daif, and Ishmael Hania, and Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Minister of Defense Joav Galant.

Security Council Hears Briefings on Gaza

The Security Council hears briefings from UN officials on the situation in Gaza.

UN General Assembly Calls for Full PA Membership

In a plenary meeting of the 10th Emergency Session of the General Assembly, a resolution was adopted, 143 in favor, 9 opposed (Czechia, Hungary, Argentina, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Israel, and the United States), and 25 abstentions, claiming that “Palestine” is qualified to be a full member of the UN, urged the Security Council to reconsider the matter favorably, and granted the PA special rights of participation in the General Assembly, but not the right to vote.

IDF Enters Rafah

Israel entered eastern Rafah during the evening hours and proceeded to take control of the crossing into Egypt.

US Approves Supplemental Funds for Israel

Biden signed H.R. 815, which provides supplemental emergency appropriations for fiscal year 2024 to Federal agencies to respond to the situations in Israel and Ukraine, and for assistance to the Indo-Pacific region.

Security Council Reviews Report on Gaza Aid

The Security Council hears the Senior Coordinator for Gaza Aid report on the need for comprehensive support.

UN Security Council – US Vetoes Palestine Resolution

After an all-day debate on the Middle East situation, a resolution to accept the Palestinian Authority as a full member state of the UN was vetoed by the United States. Twelve Council members voted for the resolution, with the United Kingdom and Switzerland abstaining and the United States exercising its veto.

Security Council Meeting on UNRWA’s Role in Gaza

The Security Council was briefed on and discussed UNRWA’s role in Gaza.

U.S. House of Representatives Passes Resolution Condemning Anti-Semitic Chant

U.S. House of Representatives passed, by a vote of 377 to 44, Resolution H.Res. 883 condemning the chant “From the River to the Sea, Palestine will be free” as antisemitic. The resolution comes in response to the many pro-Hamas demonstrations calling for the destruction of the State of Israel, and the missile and drone attack by Iran against Israel.

Security Council Meets on Iranian Attack Against Israel

The Security Council was briefed on and discussed the Iranian attack on Israel, with concerns raised about the risk of a full-scale conflict.

Iran Launches Massive Attack Against Israel

Iran launched a massive barrage at Israel, estimated at more than 300 drones, cruise missiles, and ballistic missiles. This is reportedly the largest drone/missile attack ever. Israel responded, along with the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Jordan. Most of the projectiles were eliminated outside of Israeli airspace.

Turkey restricts exports to Israel until Gaza ceasefire

Turkey restricts exports of 54 products to Israel until there is a Gaza ceasefire.

Security Council Refers PA Application to Committee

The Security Council referred renewed consideration of the Palestinian Authority’s application for UN membership to the Committee on Admissions.

Security Council Briefed on Attacks against Iran in Syria

The Security Council was briefed on and discussed reported Israeli attacks against Iran in Syria.

Security Council Meeting on Gaza, Judea and Samaria

The Security Council discussed the humanitarian situation in Gaza, and activities in Judea and Samaria.

UN Security Council Calls for Immediate Ceasefire During Ramadan

The Security Council adopted a resolution, by a vote of 14 in favor with 1 abstention (the United States), calling for an immediate ceasefire during Ramadan and the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages. Russia proposed an oral amendment that would have called for a permanent ceasefire. The proposed amendment was rejected with 3 votes in favor, 1 against, and 11 abstentions.

UN Security Council – Russia, China Veto Ceasefire Resolution

The resolution — presented by the United States — would have demanded an immediate ceasefire in Gaza conditioned on the immediate release of all hostages. Eleven Council members voted for the resolution, with Guyana abstaining and Russia and China exercising their veto.

Security Council Meeting on Sexual Violence by Hamas

Pramila Patten, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, reported on findings from an official visit to Israel from 29 January to 14 February, concerning the October 7 Hamas massacre.

Nicaragua Files ICJ Case Accusing Germany of Genocide Violations

Nicaragua filed an application instituting proceedings against Germany before the International Court of Justice alleging violations in Gaza under the Genocide Convention. Nicaragua has requested that the Court impose provisional measures against Germany.

Security Council Meeting on Gaza

The Security Council discussed the claim that famine is occurring in Gaza, a claim rebutted by Israel.

Security Council Meeting on Gaza

The Security Council discussed the humanitarian situation in Gaza amid further appeals for a ceasefire.

UN Security Council – US Again Vetoes Ceasefire Resolution

The resolution — presented by Algeria — would have demanded an immediate humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza and the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages, as well as reiterating a call for unhindered humanitarian access. Thirteen Council members voted for the resolution, with the United Kingdom abstaining and the United States exercising its veto.

Biden Sanctions Jews of Judea and Samaria

Biden issues an executive order imposing sanctions on persons allegedly undermining peace, security, and stability in Judea and Samaria.

Security Council Meeting on Gaza and UNRWA

The Security Council took up the situation in Gaza focussing on the role of UNRWA and allegations of its intimate involvement with Hamas.

UNRWA Funding Freeze

Several countries freeze funding for UNRWA in response to the organization’s complicity in Hamas atrocities – List

ICJ Issues Interim Ruling in the South African Genocide Case

The Court issued its interim ruling concerning South Africa’s request for provisional measures, calling for several such measures.

Security Council Meetings on Gaza

The Security Council again took up the situation in Gaza and consideration of how to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in an extended debate that went over to a second day.

Council of Europe Calls for Ceasefire and Dismantling of Hamas

the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, in a resolution similar to that adopted by the EU on 18 Jan 2024, unequivocally condemned the October 7 attacks and called for a ceasefire provided that the hostages be immediately and unconditionally released and Hamas dismantled.

EU Adopts Resolution Calling for Dismantling of Hamas and Release of Hostages

The resolution adopted by the European Parliament demands that all hostages be immediately and unconditionally released and the terrorist organization Hamas dismantled as a condition for a cease-fire. It also reiterated support for a negotiated two-state solution.

US Designates Houthis as a Global Terrorist Group

The designation of the Houthis (Ansarallah) comes in response to repeated attacks by the Houthis against international shipping in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Previously, the group was designated as a terrorist group by the Trump Administration in January 2021, but revoked by the Biden Administration in February of that year. Individual Houthi officials were designated as terrorists in both 2021 and 2024.

Security Council Meetings on Gaza and Yemen

The Security Council considered the situation in Gaza and the Houthis in Yemen.

US and UK Strike Houthis in Yemen

The US and UK launched military strikes against Houthi targets in Houthi-controlled areas of Yemen, in response to continued attacks by the Houthis, after the US and its allies warned that the Iran-backed militant group would bear the consequences of its attacks on commercial shipping in the Red Sea.

ICJ Hearings on the South African Genocide Case

Hearings were held on 11 and 12 Jan 2024 concerning South Africa’s request for provisional measures.

UN Security Council Adopts Resolution Demanding Stop to Houthi Attacks
2023
UN Security Council Meeting

Discussion of the risk of a regional spillover of the Israeli-Palestine conflict.

South Africa Files ICJ Case Accusing Israel of Genocide

South Africa filed an application instituting proceedings against Israel before the International Court of Justice alleging violations by Israel in Gaza under the Genocide Convention.

UN Security Council Calls for Release of Hostages and Facilitation of Aid

UN Security Council adopted a resolution calling for calling for the appointment of a coordinator for humanitarian aid and for the immediate and unconditional release of the hostages. There were 13 votes in favor and 2 abstentions (United States, and Russia).  An oral amendment proposed by Russia that called for a “suspension of hostilities” was rejected upon a veto by the United States, having received 10 votes in favor, 1 against (United States), and 4 abstentions (Albania, Japan, Switzerland, United Kingdom)..

Red Sea Task Force Formed to Address Houthi Attacks

The US Defense Secretary announced the establishment of Operation Prosperity Guardian, a multinational security initiative to address the security situation in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The United Kingdom, Bahrain, Canada, France, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Seychelles, and Spain will join the US in the new mission. Several other countries have also agreed to be involved in the operation but prefer not to be publicly named.

UN Security Council Meeting

Discussion of the situation in Gaza and Judea and Samaria.

Netanyahu Addresses the Nation
General Assembly Adopts Second Gaza Resolution

The UN General Assembly, in a reconvened 10th Emergency Session, adopted a non-binding resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire and release of hostages in Gaza.  The vote was 153 votes for, 10 against, and 23 abstentions. Two amendments, one proposed by Austria and the other by the United States, seeking an explicit condemnation of Hamas, did not pass, failing to get two-thirds support.

WHO Executive Board adopts resolution on aid to Gaza

In an unprecedented meeting of the organization’s Executive Board held on 10 Dec 2023, a resolution was adopted concerning aid for the residents of Gaza.

UN Security Council – US Vetoes Ceasefire Resolution

The UN Security Council met in response to a request from the Secretary-General issued under Article 99 of the Charter. After a full day of deliberations, a resolution calling for a humanitarian ceasefire of Israel’s operations in Gaza was vetoed by the United States.

Hostilities Resumed
UN Security Council Meeting

During a ministerial-level meeting of the Security Council held on 29 Nov 2023, there were again calls for a ceasefire and a two-state solution. No action was taken.

UN Security Council Meeting (closed session)

There was no press release for this closed meeting, nor public minutes. A short communique was issued.

Pause in Hostilities Begins

Military operations ceased at 7:00 in the morning. The first release of hostages from Gaza occurred at 16:00.

Announcements on Release of Hostages
UN Security Council Meeting

The UN Security Council met on 22 Nov 2023 to again discuss the ongoing Israel-Hamas conflict. During the meeting, delegates praised the hostage deal and renewed the call for a humanitarian ceasefire.

South African Parliament Votes for Cutting Relations With Israel

The parliamentary motion called for closure of the Israeli embassy and cutting of diplomatic ties until Israel agrees to a ceasefire in Gaza. The vote was 248 in favor and 91 opposing. The motion is not binding and needs government approval to be implemented. The government has not acted on the motion.

IDF Enters Shifa Hospital
UN Security Council Calls for Humanitarian Pauses

UN Security Council adopted a resolution calling for extended pauses in Gaza. There were 12 votes in favor and 3 abstentions (United States, Great Britain, and Russia).  An amendment proposed by Russia that called for a “cessation of hostilities” was rejected, having received only 5 votes in favor with 1 vote against and 9 abstentions.

UK Parliament Rejects Call for Gaza Ceasefire

The UK House of Commons rejected two proposals, one calling for extended humanitarian pauses (183 for, 290 opposed), and a second calling for an immediate ceasefire (125 for, 293 opposed).

US Extends Iran Sanctions Waiver

The Biden administration extended a sanctions waiver to allow Iran to access upwards of $10 billion in electricity revenue held in escrow in Iraq.

Arab-Islamic Summit Held in Riyadh

Arab and Muslim leaders called for an immediate end to military operations in Gaza. However, Saudi Arabia played a pivotal role in rejecting a proposal to sever all ties with Israel.

UN Security Council Meeting

The UN Security Council met again on 10 Nov 2023 to discuss the ongoing Middle East crisis. The head of the WHO briefed the Council on Gaza, calling for an immediate ceasefire and humanitarian access.

Rashida Tlaib Censured

The U.S. House Representatives censured Representative Rashida Tlaib (D-Mi) for promoting false narratives regarding the 7 Oct 2023 Hamas attack on Israel and for calling for the destruction of the State of Israel. The vote was 228 in favor and 188 against.

IDF Facilitates Evacuation of Gazan Civilians

IDF facilitated the reopening of a humanitarian corridor in order to allow civilians in the northern Gaza Strip to move southward toward safety.   Video clip

Hezbollah Leader Nasrallah Speaks in Beirut

Hezbollah Secretary Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah speaks on the war.

Houthis in Yemen Signal Entry into the Conflict
Bolivia Cuts Ties With Israel

Bolivia broke relations with Israel, and Columbia, Chile and Jordan recalled their ambassadors. Israel’s Foreign Ministry reacted, saying that the step “is a surrender to terrorism and the Ayatollah’s regime in Iran.”

UN Security Council Meeting

The UN Security Council met again in emergency session on Monday afternoon (EDT) 30 Oct 2023 to discuss the ongoing Middle East crisis.

Israel Provides More Water to Gaza

Israel opened the second of three water piplines to the southern part of Gaza, allowing approximately 28.5 million liters of water to flow per day.

IDF Begins Ground Operation in Gaza

Overnight, the IDF began a new phase of the war in Gaza, entering on the ground. This move followed two days of limited, temporary ground operations in Gaza.

General Assembly Adopts Gaza Resolution

The UN General Assembly adopted a non-binding Jordanian resolution calling for an immediate and sustained ‘humanitarian truce’ in Gaza.  The vote was 120 votes for, 14 against, and 45 abstentions. An amendment, proposed by Canada and backed by over 35 Member States, including the US, seeking an explicit condemnation of Hamas, did not pass, failing to get two-thirds support.

  • Documentation
Security Council Fails to Pass Either US or Russian Resolutions

UN Security Council failed to pass the US resolution even though it garnered 10 votes in favor. The Russian resolution received only 4 votes in favor.

US House of Representatives Adopts Resolution of Support

The US House of Representatives adopted Resolution H.R. 771 – “Standing with Israel as it defends itself against the barbaric war launched by Hamas and other terrorists.” The resolution was overwhelmingly approved by a vote of 412 in favor, 10 against, 6 present, and 5 not voting.

Demand that ICRC Take Action to Secure Release of Hostages

Shurat HaDin demanded in a letter signed by more than 1550 attorneys and 50 physicians that the International Red Cross take action in accordance with its obligations to secure the release and protection of the hostages taken by Hamas in violation of fundamental principles of international law.

Shurat HaDin’s letter followed a similar demand from 49 organizations sent to the ICRC on October 12.

UN Security Council Meeting

The UN Security Council met in a day-long meeting on 24 Oct 2023 to discuss the ongoing Middle East crisis.

Two More Hostages Released by Hamas

Hamas released two elderly Israeli women: Nurit Cooper, 79, and Yocheved Lifshitz, 85. Their husbands were still being held hostage.

Two American-Israeli Hostages Released by Hamas

An American-Israeli mother and her daughter were reunited with family after their release by Hamas.

EU Parliament Calls for Elimination of Hamas

EU Parliament calls for the elimination of Hamas – 500 votes for, 21 against, 24 abstentions

US Vetoes Brazilian Security Council Resolution

US Vetoes Draft Security Council resolution calling for “humanitarian pauses”

Israel Falsely Accused of Bombing Al Ahli Hospital

In the early evening of 17 Oct 2023, a projectile exploded in the parking lot next to the Al Ahli hospital in Gaza City. Hamas within a very short time blamed Israel and claimed more than 500 fatalities. World media immediately repeated the story without seeking any confirmation. Subsequent assessments have shown that the projective was much more likely an Islamic Jihad or Hamas rocket that failed and crashed into the parking lot, its remaining fuel exploding and igniting some of the vehicles. Moreover, the number of fatalities, unverified, has been viewed as greatly exaggerated.

  • More detail and assessments
Security Council Rejects Russian Gaza Resolution

UN Security Council rejects Russian resolution on Gaza – 5 votes for, 4 against, 6 abstentions

Israel Restarts Water Supply to Southern Gaza Strip

Israel restarts water supply to southern Gaza Strip.

Reuters (15 Oct 2023)

Israel Begins Warnings to Gazan Civilians
US Puts Hold on $6 Billion Disbursement to Iran

US puts a hold on the disbursement of $6 billion to Iran as previously agreed.

Reuters (12 Oct 2023)

Gregg Roman, U.S. Denial of $6 Billion to Iran Is Its Latest Display of Pro-Israel Resolve, Middle East Forum (18 Oct 2023)

EU Abandons Aid Freeze

EU Quickly Abandons the Aid Freeze to the Palestinian Authority.

Jerusalem Post (10 Oct 2023)

Reuters (10 Oct 2023)

Israel Disconnects Water, Electricity, Food, and Fuel to Gaza

Israeli Energy Minister orders the immediate disconnect of the water supply to Gaza. Arutz Sheva (9 Oct 2023)Defense Min.: There will be no electricity, food, or fuel to Gaza.

Arutz Sheva (9 Oct 2023)

EU Freezes Development Aid

The European Commission announces an urgent review of its financial assistance for Palestine.

Press Release (9 Oct 2023)

Israel Declares War Against Hamas

Press Release from the Prime Minister’s Office

Hamas Attack on Shabbat – Simchat Torah

Hamas commenced a savage attack against Israel from Gaza in the early morning hours, sending over 2,000 terrrorists breaking through the security barrier between Israel and Gaza while firing thousands of rockets and committing numerous atrocities and war crimes. Over 1,400 Israelis were slaughtered, the vast majority civilians.

  • Evidence of atrocities and war crimes