Israel’s admission as a member of the UN was approved by the General Assembly in May 1949.There are those who falsely claim that Israel’s admission to the UN was conditioned on its compliance with General Assembly Resolutions 181(II) and 194(III) and that its failure to do so is a violation of international law. Although General Assembly Resolution 273(III), in granting membership to Israel, “recalled” those earlier resolutions and “noted” Israel’s “declarations and explanations … in respect of the implementation of said resolutions”, 273(III) contains no stipulation which would have made Israel’s admission conditional or contingent on compliance with 181(III) or 194(III). Moreover, the International Court of Justice in its advisory opinion on the conditions of admission of a State to membership in the United Nations plainly precluded imposing such a condition.The timeline below outlines the development by the UN of the procedures for entertaining new member applications and the steps leading toward the acceptance of Israel as a member.
- Yearbook of the United Nations – 1948-49, Admission of Israel
- Security Council Report to the General Assembly – 1948-49, Application of Israel
- Center for Israel Education, Israel Is Accepted as a Member of the United Nations
- Marte Heian-Engdal, Jørgen Jensehaugen and Hilde Henriksen Waage, ‘Finishing the Enterprise’: Israel’s Admission to the United Nations, 35 Int’l. Hist. Rev. 465 (June 2013)
- Marie Stuart Klooz, The Role of the General Assembly of the United Nations in the Admission of Members, 43 A.J.I.L. 246 (April 1949)
- Donald Neff, Third Time’s a Charm: Israel Admitted as U.N. Member in 1949, Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (July 2011)