Camp David Accords – Peace With Egypt – 1979

  1. Bilateral Contacts in Rabat


  1. 20 Nov 1977 – Statement to the Knesset by President Sadat


  1. 5-17 Sep 1978 – Begin, Sadat, and Carter summit negotiations at Camp David


  1. 17 Sep 1978 – Camp David Accords, agreements between Israel and Egypt, signed. The “Framework for Peace in the Middle East,” had three parts: (1) a process for Palestinian self-government in the West Bank and Gaza, (2) a framework for the conclusion of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, and (3) a similar framework for peace treaties between Israel and its other neighbors. There were two “Framework” documents, which laid out the principles of a bilateral peace agreement as well as a formula for Palestinian self-government in Gaza and the West Bank.


  1. 26 Mar 1979 – Peace treaty signed at White House in Washington. This agreement addresses the cessation of hostilities, recognition of international boundaries, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the parties, the zone of limited force, navigation and free passage in the Suez Canal, interpretation of the treaty, dispute resolution mechanisms, claims mechanisms and ratification measures. The agreement includes annexes concerning Israeli withdrawal and security arrangements, the organization of movement in the Sinai and relations between the parties. The document also includes agreed minutes interpreting the main articles of the treaty.


  1. July 1979 – UNEF II operation ends


  1. 25 Jan 1980 – Israel completes first phase of withdrawal from Sinai. Two-thirds of the peninsula turned over to Egypt. Egypt establishes diplomatic relations with Israel. U.S. contingent in Sinai repositions.


  1. 26 Feb 1980 – After the Egyptian People’s Assembly had on Feb. 5 voted overwhelmingly in favor (with only four opposition deputies against) of the abrogation of a 1955 law under which Egypt had participated in the Arab economic boycott of Israel, the countries exchanged ambassadors on Feb. 26, 1980. Those appointed to these posts were, for Egypt, Mr Saad Mortada, a career diplomat, who took up residence in Tel Aviv; and for Israel, Mr Eliahu Ben-Elissar.


  1. 18 May 1981 – President of UN Security Council announces that the UN would not approve a peace-keeping force for Sinai, as had been anticipated by the Peace Treaty.


  1. 3 Aug 1981 – Protocol creating Multinational Force and Observers


  1. 29 Dec 1981 – U.S. S.J. Res. 100 signed into law. authorizes participation of the United States in a multinational force and observers to implement the Treaty of Peace between Egypt and Israel.


  1. 20 Mar 1982 – MFO in place in Sinai


  1. 25 Apr 1982 – Israel returns Sinai to Egypt and MFO begins operation


  1. 26 Apr 1982 – In the absence of a settlement of the Taba dispute before the final withdrawal, Egypt and Israel agreed on April 26 that the contested area should be placed under the temporary control of the incoming multinational peace-keeping force pending further negotiations on this and other residual border issues.


  1. 11 Sep 1986 – Egypt and Israel agree to submit Taba dispute to arbitration.


  1. 29 Sep 1988 – Taba arbitration decision issued, ruling in favor of Egypt.


Multinational Force and Observers

Further Reading:

Ezer Weizman, The Battle for Peace (1981)

Moshe Dayan, Breakthrough (1981)

Eitan Haber, Zeev Schiff, Ehud Yaari, The Year of the Dove (1979)

Anwar El-Sadat, In Search of Identity (1977)

Ismail Fahmy, Negotiating for Peace in the Middle East (1983)