Sokolow et al. v. Palestine Liberation Organization et al., 04-CV-00397 (S.D.N.Y, filed 16 Jan 2004).
Lawsuit seeking up to $3 billion in damages by victims and their families for death and injury resulting from suicide bombings and shooting attacks perpetrated by operatives of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Palestinian Authority (PA), between January 2001 and February 2004. The case, first filed in 2004, has been up and down the federal courts, including twice in the U.S. Supreme Court. A jury, after trial in 2015, awarded $218.5 million in damages, trebled by the Court in accordance with the law. However, the Second Circuit reversed on jurisdictional grounds. Subsequently, the Supreme Court remanded for further consideration in light of the Promoting Security and Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act of 2019. Most recently, the District Court ruled that the statute applies to the case but that it is unconstitutional. Plaintiffs sought review in the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals, but the Court declined to further consider the case.
The litigation is not yet at an end, but what will stand unchallenged is the historic, unanimous verdict by a twelve-member jury, finding after trial that the Palestinian Authority and the PLO had orchestrated numerous terror attacks against innocent civilians in Israel, resulting in death and severe injury.
- Docket – Southern District of New York, 04-cv-00397
- Docket – Southern District of New York, 18-cv-12213
- Docket – Second Circuit Court of Appeals, 15-3135
- Docket – Second Circuit Court of Appeals, 15-3151
- Docket – U.S. Supreme Court, 16-1071
- Docket – U.S. Supreme Court, 19-764
- Jim Zanotti and Jennifer Elsea, Congressional Research Service, The Palestinians and Amendments to the Anti-Terrorism Act: U.S. Aid and Personal Jurisdiction (18 Mar 2020)
- Jim Zanotti, Congressional Research Service, Anti-Terrorism Clarification Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-253) and U.S. Aid for the Palestinians (5 Feb 2019)
- Harry Graver, Scott R. Anderson, Lawfare, Shedding Light on the Anti-Terrorism Clarification Act of 2018 (25 Oct 2018)
- Mark J. Marsella, The Crippling of the Anti-Terrorism Act Under Current General Personal Jurisdiction, Rutgers L. Rev., vol. 70, p. 749 (2018)
- William Slomanson, Introductory Note to Waldman v. Palestine Liberation Organization, International Legal Materials, vol. 57, p. 490, (June 2018)
- Kent A. Yalowitz, U.S. Senate Testimony (4 Nov 2015)