The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution establishing an on-going Commission of Inquiry to investigate only Israeli actions in Gaza, Judea, and Samaria, not Hamas or others. The vote : 24 in favor, 9 against, and 14 abstaining. Countries voting against: Austria, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Marshall Islands, United Kingdom, and Uruguay.
Ceasefire takes effect between Israel and Hamas after more than 4,300 rockets fired at Israel from Gaza.
Hamas issues ultimatum and fires several missiles at Jerusalem and salvoes many other civilian areas in Israel. In response the Israeli operation begins.