Committee Report and Recommendations

After leaving the Middle East on 28 March 1946, the Committee conducted its deliberations in Lausanne, Switzerland, submitting its report and recommendations on 26 Apr 1946.  In addition to its ten recommendations, the report reviewed several matters:

 

  • The position of Jews in Europe
  • The political situation in Palestine
  • Geography and Economics
  • The Jewish Attitude
  • The Arab Attitude
  • Christian Interests in Palestine
  • Jews, Arabs and Government
  • Public Security

 

Of the ten recommendations, those that proposed specific actions to be taken were:

The final report by the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine, established at the initiative of British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin, and composed of six British and six American members. The committee’s mandate was to offer a solution both to the political status of Palestine and to the problem of displaced Jews left in Europe after the Holocaust. After hearing witnesses and receiving depositions from various Jewish and Arab groups, the committee decided to continue the Mandate in order to avoid a civil war, to allow 100,000 displaced Jews to immigrate to Palestine, to abolish restrictions on the sale of lands and to disarm all armed groups. Britain rejected the committee’s recommendations, and pushed for the establishment of another committee, the Morrison-Grady Committee. The recommendations were also rejected by both the Jewish and Arab communities.

Committee Hearings in Jerusalem, Cairo and Damascus

Cairo

 

  • March 2 [JTA Bulletin]
    Abdul Rahman Azzam Rey, Secretary, Arab League
  • March 5 [JTA Bulletin]
    Dr. Fadlel Jemali, Director-General, Iraq Foreign Office
    Sheikh el Bakri, representing the Moslem Brotherhood
    Abdul Maguid Ibrahaim Saleh Pasha, former Egyptian foreign Minister
    Saleh Harb Pasha, Chairman of the Moslem Youth Organization
    Sheikh el Banna, leader of the Moslem Brotherhood
    Manur Fahm Pasha, Dean of Cairo University
    Dr. Abdu Ruqaybah of Tunisia

 

Jerusalem

 

  • March 8 [JTA Bulletin]
    Chaim Weizmann;
    Sigfried Hoofien, head of the Anglo-Palestine Bank
  • March 11 [Transcript] [JTA Bulletin]
    David Ben Gurion
    Sigfried Hoofien (cont.)
    D. Horowitz, Director, Economic Department, Jewish Agency
  • March 12 [Transcript] [JTA Bulletin
    Jamal Effendi Husseini, representing Arabs of Palestine
    Auni Bey Abdul Hadi, Arab Higher Committee
  • March 13 [JTA Bulletin]
    Yitzchak Ben Zvi, President, Jewish National Council
    Dr. Mordecai Eliash, Jewish National Council
    David Remez, Secretary-General, Jewish National Council
    Dr. Isaac Bruer, Agudas Israel
    Rabbi Moshe Blau, Agudas Israel
    David Abulafia
    Itzhak Abbadi
  • March 14 [JTA Bulletin]
    Dr. Judah Magnes, President, Hebrew University
    Martin Buber
    Moshe Smilansky
  • March 15
  • March 21 [Transcript] [JTA Bulletin]
    M. Jaffee, representing the Paslestine Corporation, Ltd.
    H.L. Wolfson, representing Pica
    Doctor T. Canaan, President, Palestine Arab Medical Association
  • March 23 [JTA Bulletin]
    John V.W. Shaw, Chief Secretary of the Palestine Government
    The Right Reverend Dr. Weston H. Stewart, Anglican Bishop of Jerusalem
    Greek Orthodox Bishop George Hakim of Galilee
    Henry Cattan, appearing for the Arab Higher Committee
  • March 25 [Transcript] [JTA Bulletin]
    Sami Effendi Taha
    Emile Ghory
    Major Wellesley Aron, H.B.E.
    Dr. Ben Ze’ev
    Omar Dhany
    Alex Aaronsohn
    Dr. Danziger
    Meir Wilner
    Ester Wilenska
    Dr. W.Ehrlich
    Golda Myerson, Histadrut
    Ahmed Shykayri, Arab Office
    Albert Hourani, Arab Office
  • March 26 [JTA Bulletin]
    David Ben Gurion
    Moshe Shertok, Jewish Agency

 

Damascus

 

  • March 18  [JTA Bulletin]
    David Totah
    Sabri Kignado
    Dr. David Pinto
    George Asfar
    Yubrau Chamieh
    Sheikh Mutapha Zarka, professor of Moslem law, Syria University

Preparation of a Survey for Use by the Committee

The British mandatory government in Palestine prepared an extensive two volume “Survey of Palestine … for the information of Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry.”  The survey covered a wide range of subjects, from the history and geography of the Mandate, to the social, religious, ethnic, political, governmental, financial, and economic aspects of life in the Mandate.

 

Volume One       Volume Two

Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry Established

Establishment of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry was announced in Washington and London on 13 Nov 1945, after considerable diplomatic negotiation.  The membership of the Committee was made public on 10 Dec 1945.

 

For a detailed review of those negotiations see, Cohen, “The Genesis of the Anglo-American Committee on Palestine, November 1945: A Case Study in the Assertion of American Hegemony”, The Historical Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar., 1979), pp. 185-207.