Committee Report and Recommendations

After leaving the Middle East on 28 March 1946, the Committee conducted its deliberations in Lausanne, Switzerland, submitting its report and recommendations on 26 Apr 1946.  In addition to its ten recommendations, the report reviewed several matters:

 

  • The position of Jews in Europe
  • The political situation in Palestine
  • Geography and Economics
  • The Jewish Attitude
  • The Arab Attitude
  • Christian Interests in Palestine
  • Jews, Arabs and Government
  • Public Security

 

Of the ten recommendations, those that proposed specific actions to be taken were:

The final report by the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine, established at the initiative of British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin, and composed of six British and six American members. The committee’s mandate was to offer a solution both to the political status of Palestine and to the problem of displaced Jews left in Europe after the Holocaust. After hearing witnesses and receiving depositions from various Jewish and Arab groups, the committee decided to continue the Mandate in order to avoid a civil war, to allow 100,000 displaced Jews to immigrate to Palestine, to abolish restrictions on the sale of lands and to disarm all armed groups. Britain rejected the committee’s recommendations, and pushed for the establishment of another committee, the Morrison-Grady Committee. The recommendations were also rejected by both the Jewish and Arab communities.

Committee Hearings in Jerusalem, Cairo and Damascus

Cairo

Jerusalem

 

Damascus

 

Preparation of a Survey for Use by the Committee

The British mandatory government in Palestine prepared an extensive two volume “Survey of Palestine … for the information of Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry.”  The survey covered a wide range of subjects, from the history and geography of the Mandate, to the social, religious, ethnic, political, governmental, financial, and economic aspects of life in the Mandate.

 

Volume One       Volume Two

Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry Established

Establishment of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry was announced in Washington and London on 13 Nov 1945, after considerable diplomatic negotiation.  The membership of the Committee was made public on 10 Dec 1945.

 

For a detailed review of those negotiations see, Cohen, “The Genesis of the Anglo-American Committee on Palestine, November 1945: A Case Study in the Assertion of American Hegemony”, The Historical Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar., 1979), pp. 185-207.