Before the establishment of a general international organization, as contemplated in the Moscow Declaration, a number of United Nations conferences were held to discuss certain special issues. These conferences led to the establishment of a number of specialized agencies.
- The Conference of Allied Ministers of Education, which first met in London in October 1942, drafted plans for a United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization.
- The United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture, held in Hot Springs, Virginia, from 18 May to 3 June 1943, which set up an Interim Commission on Food and Agriculture to draw up a Constitution of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
- The Agreement creating the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration was signed in Washington on 9 Nov 1943, by representatives of 44 nations, and on the following day the first meeting of the UNRRA Council took place in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
- The United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference was held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, from July 1 to 22, 1944. The Conference drafted the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund and the Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
- The International Civil Aviation Conference was held in Chicago from 1 Nov to 7 Dec 1944. It drafted a Convention on International Civil Aviation and an Interim Agreement on International Civil Aviation.