Armistice Agreements End the War of Independence

The armistice negotiations were held on the Greek island of Rhodes, beginning on 13 Jan 1949, and continuing until 24 Feb 1949. Further separate talks took place with Jordan. Iraq refused to participate relying on the absence of a common border between Iraq and Israel. Egypt agreed to an armistice on 24 Feb 1949, followed by Lebanon on 23 Mar 1949, Jordan on 3 Apr 1949, and Syria on 20 Jul 1949.  Although Iraq and Saudi Arabia declared war on the Israel, they failed to enter armistice agreements.  Neither the four Arab countries which entered Armistice agreements, nor Iraq and Saudi Arabia would recognize the State of Israel.Agreement with Egypt – 24 Feb 1949;

Modus Vivendi – 22 Feb 1950
Map 1 – Ascalon
Map 2 – Khan Yunis

Agreement with Lebanon – 23 Mar 1949

Armistice line based on border of Palestine Mandate

Agreement with Jordan –  3 Apr 1949

Map 1 – North
Map 2 – South
Map – Jerusalem

Agreement with Syria – 20 Jul 1949

Map – Houle

Analyses of the armistice agreements:

  • Shabtai Rosenne, Israel’s Armistice Agreements with the Arab States (1951)
  • David Brook, Preface to Peace: The United Nations and the Arab-Israeli Armistice System, pp. 16–26 (1964)
  • Higgins, United Nations Peacekeeping, Vol. 1, pp. 32–52 (1969–81)